Preparation of the construction site for finishing the house
Prior to the start of work on the facade, preparations are required. To the preparatory stage should be approached responsibly, because it affects everything further. Also the organization of the "zero stage" is a clear marker for the builder of the qualifications of workers and the construction firm.
Here is what to do at the preparatory stage.
Equipping places with firefighting equipment
Fire extinguishers, a barrel of water, buckets, felt (burlap), sand and shovels. The set depends on the conditions. This seems to be a passing check item until a fire occurs with damage to property and health. There are many things burning on a construction site and there are daily prerequisites to a fire - equipment operation, storage and use of flammable materials and liquids, temporary electrical wiring, cooking, and smoking.
Place of residence of workers
In cottage construction, when finishing work, it is too expensive to provide daily transportation of workers to a remote site for several months. Therefore, the accommodation of workers at the site in container cabins is widely used.
A living area for construction workers should include living quarters with berths, a place to cook and eat. You can save money on something, but chronically tired people work worse. Also, it should be understood that the higher the qualifications of the worker, the more important for him to arrange a life at the construction site.
In the living area must have medical facilities, fire extinguisher.
Toilet and shower
The easiest way to rent mobile toilets and showers.
Bio-toilet is cleaned and treated during construction at least once a week, and at high temperatures more often.
Stationary installation of shower cabins on the construction site is also possible - builders often already have devices for showering (a barrel with a heating element).
Many materials require additional preparations before use on the facade. Sawing wood, tiles, metal. painting parts, etc. Cleaning and repairing tools. It is necessary to allocate space for the placement of equipment, workbench, preferably with shade.
Material and technical warehouse.
Here will be stored in order and cleanliness of tools, equipment, fasteners, fragile and piece products for the facade, such as décor, fixtures, fences, sills, elements of gutters. In a new building a garage or outbuilding is allocated for this purpose. When repairing or remodeling the facade of a residential building, especially during the cold season or winter works, the warehouse can be combined with a room for washing, drying, storage of work clothes and special equipment.
Open storage area for materials
Lumber, loose mixtures, insulation materials are brought to the construction site and must be kept dry for a long time in conditions of possible heavy rain and gusty winds. The materials shall not interfere with the passage with the scaffolding installed, shall be lifted above the ground on pallets, insulated from the bottom and securely covered with a film on top.
Construction debris collection site
Prepare a site and a container for the accumulation of construction waste with the possibility of subsequent removal. At the site should have a construction film to cover the dusty debris and building mesh to prevent wind blow paper, rags.
If plastering work is involved, you need to provide a place to prepare construction mixes. Take into account that the place is dirty and dusty. Water and electricity must be connected to it. With large volumes of plaster, breaks in the application process and at the end of the work shift, the concrete mixer must be washed - a place must be allocated for the accumulation or disposal of liquid solutions of cement, gypsum, lime.
Erection of scaffolding
For works with walls higher than 3 meters, it is necessary to erect scaffolding and / or, locally, a building tour. The scaffolding is draped with a high-density protective construction mesh to protect not only from falling objects, delaying construction dust, but also to protect against excessive solar radiation. The mesh should protect a thin layer of plaster from rapid drying and cessation of hydration of the cement component of the mortar.
It is necessary to arrange a protective transparent visor on top of the scaffolding, made of reinforced PVC-film stretched over a wooden frame. This will allow you to carry out work even in the rain.
It is necessary to remember about the necessity of earthing the steel scaffolding to prevent workers from being injured by natural or power electricity.
Arrangement of a working platform on the roof
It is necessary to arrange a reliable ladder access from the upper tier of the scaffolding to the roof to work with pipes. Roofing material under the supports of the ladders and platforms is protected with slabs of EPPS, covered with PVC-films to protect against construction debris and dust. After completing the work with pipes, it is necessary to thoroughly clean the gutters, flush the roof and gutters with water, while collecting water with debris from the gutters in the containers, protect the sewer from solid sediment.
Laying out of power protected electrical wiring
Electrical wiring and extensions in the areas attached to the scaffolding tubes that are laid next to the gangways must be protected by corrugated pipe. All electrical wiring must have a working grounded wire. Wiring and cables laid in passageways or passageways areas must be laid in metal pipes or covered with wooden shields. Fastening of the cables shall exclude bends; the outer metal braid of power cables shall be grounded.
Good lighting will prolong the working day at the crucial moment, for example, when plastering without joints, and perform the work more qualitatively and safely in the twilight. The laying of tiles, installation of decorative elements, installation of lights, awnings, etc. can be done with local lighting. Local lighting will be required for the mortar shop and the material warehouse.
Installation of protective coverings
It is necessary to stick films on windows and doors. If the intended work on the dismantling of tiles, stone, old plaster, then in critical areas can be used portable shields from fiberboard.
It is also necessary to protect the roofs of the first tier with films or other roll materials.
If there are tile coverings on entrance areas or balconies that cannot be removed, these should be protected with cheap technical organelite.
Boundaries of the working area
When carrying out work in a residential building, prevent injuries to persons not involved in the construction. The working area must be surrounded by warning tape, excavations and trenches when stopped must be covered with wooden boards or fences; plates and warning signs must be attached to electric boards, circuit breakers, receptacle nodes.
Safety at work
It is bad if construction workers on your site lose health or get injured. Construction is accompanied by a lot of dust (mineral, fiberglass, paint when dismantling), welding sparks, wood chips, chemically active solutions, and metal shavings. Workers shall be in good quality construction clothing and footwear, have a variety of gloves and mittens, protective goggles and respirators are often required; helmets, safety and installation building belts are used for high-altitude work, welding without masks is prohibited. Elbow pads and kneepads are required for working with flooring or roofing.